What Is Real Time Gross Settlement and How Does It Work?

What is real time gross settlement (RTGS)?

It’s a system that allows for the immediate, simultaneous and final settlement of funds transfers. That might sound complicated, but it’s actually a very efficient way to handle transactions. 

In this blog post, we will discuss how real time gross settlement works and some of the pros and cons of using this system.

But before anything else, let’s dig a little deeper…

Real time gross settlement is the process of settling payments individually as they are made. This is in contrast to other methods, such as net settlement, where all payments are batched together and settled at once.

meaning of real time gross settlement

Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) is one of the processes that settle payments to the recipient on an instant basis without having to wait for some time for the settlement to happen. RTGS services are irrevocable once the settlements are done.

RTGS is a system for electronic payments where installment exchanges between two banks occur in real time and separately as opposed to in clumps toward the day’s end. This implies that when a client requests that their bank send cash to a getting bank by means of RTGS, the exchange of assets happens right away. This differentiations with non-moment installment strategies, for example, Automated Clearing House (ACH) exchanges that are handled in clusters and frequently require a couple of days to clear.

How Does Real Time Gross Settlement Work?

Real time gross settlement systems are used to make large value payments. These payments are typically made between banks or other financial institutions. In RTGS, the sender initiates a payment and the funds are transferred immediately, without waiting for a batch of payments to be processed.

A RTGS system is for the most part utilized for huge worth interbank reserves moves worked and coordinated by a country’s national bank. These exchanges frequently require prompt and complete clearing. As referenced above, whenever exchanges are settled, they can’t be switched.

In 1970, the U.S. Fedwire system sent off. It was the primary system looking like a real-time gross settlement system. It was an advancement of the message based system used to move reserves electronically between U.S. Central bank banks.2

The British system, called the Clearing House Automated Payment System (CHAPS), is as of now run by the Bank of England.3 France and other Eurozone countries utilize a system called Trans-European Automated Real-time Gross Settlement Express Transfer System (TARGET2).4 Other created and emerging nations have additionally presented their own RTGS-type systems.

Real-time gross settlement decreases settlement risk-likewise alluded to as conveyance risk-in general, as interbank settlement normally happens in real-time over the course of the day-rather than basically all together toward the day’s end. This takes out the risk of a slack in finishing the exchange. RTGS can frequently bring about a higher charge than processes that group and net payments.

Why Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) is Important?

The real-time gross settlement is ordinarily used by the national bank and help in limiting the risk implied in high-esteem exchanges made by clients. In spite of banks and monetary establishments having significant level security to safeguard client’s data and assets, the dangers are on the ascent every day.

Thus, the presence of real-time gross settlement process has given the genuinely necessary security to the clients to make free from any potential harm exchanges by clearing settlements right away. In India, assets above Rs 2 lakh can be moved through real-time gross exchange.

The Pros and Cons of Real Time Gross Settlement

There are several advantages to using real time gross settlement:

One advantage of real time gross settlement is that it minimizes the risk of settlement failure. This is because each payment is settled independently, so if one fails, the others are not affected. This also means that there is no need for a backup system in case of failure, which can save on costs.

Another advantage is that real time gross settlement can be used to settle large or complex payments quickly and efficiently. For example, if you were buying a house, the funds could be transferred in real time so that both you and the seller have immediate access to the money. This can avoid delays and disruptions that can occur if payments are processed using other methods. 

However, there are also some disadvantages:

One downside is that real-time gross settlement systems can be expensive to set up and maintain. This is because they require some infrastructure, such as specialized computer systems and secure networks. But this shouldn’t be a problem if you partner with a third-party provider.

Another disadvantage is that real-time gross settlement can be disruptive if there are problems with the system. For example, if the system goes down, payments cannot be processed until it comes back online. This can cause delays and disruptions for businesses and individuals who rely on these payments. Again, this is where an experienced, reliable provider comes in.


Overall, the advantages of real time gross settlement systems outweigh the disadvantages. Think about it: real-time gross settlement can be used to make large or complex payments quickly and efficiently while minimizing the risk of settlement failure. 

Additionally, real time gross settlement systems can save on costs by eliminating the need for a backup system in case of failure. Although real-time gross settlement systems can be expensive to set up and maintain, the benefits of using this system make it worth the investment. And to think, there are third-party providers you can count on.

We hope this blog post has given you a better understanding of how real time gross settlement works!


What is the meaning of Real Time Gross Settlement?

The abbreviation ‘RTGS’ represents Real Time Gross Settlement, which can be made sense of as a system where there is nonstop and real-time settlement of asset moves, exclusively on an exchange by exchange premise (without mesh).

What is real time and gross basis?

Settlement in “real time” signifies an installment exchange isn’t exposed to any holding up period, with exchanges being settled when they are handled. “Gross settlement” signifies the exchange is chosen a balanced premise, without packaging or mesh with some other exchange.

What is the minimum limit in Real Time Gross Settlement Transfer?

Rs.2 lakh
Difference between RTGS and NEFT

What is the difference between gross and net settlement?

If there should be an occurrence of gross settlement, exchanges are chosen balanced premise, for example without grouping with different exchanges. If there should be an occurrence of net settlement, exchanges are finished in clumps with explicit time stretches.

What is RTGS and ACH?

ACH represents Automated Clearing House, while RTGS represents Real-time Gross Settlement. ACH permits electronic payments between banks over a unified organization, while RTGS, permits real-time settlement of assets between Banks.

What does Real Time Gross Settlement system enable?

Real time settlement implies that an installment exchange isn’t exposed to any holding up period. Assuming assets are adequate, exchanges are handled and settled when they are placed into the RTGS. Once handled, payments are conclusive and irreversible.

How are real time payments settled?

Real-time payments (RTP) are payments that are started and settled almost promptly. A real-time payments rail is the computerized framework that works with real-time payments. Preferably, real-time installment networks give 24x7x365 access, and that implies they are generally online to handle moves.

Also Read: Ways To Increase Your Property’s Value.

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