A Complete Guide About Gantt chart – History, Definition and Benefits

Gantt Chart Definition

A Gantt chart is a graphical representation of activity against time.

A Gantt chart is a stacked bar chart that contains project tasks on a vertical center and courses of occasions that address task length on an even center. Once-over parts, task dependence associations and accomplishments in the endeavor plan are totally depicted. The Gantt chart is named after Henry Gantt who advanced this project the board chart during the 20th century.

History of Gantt charts

Gantt charts have an interesting history that ought to be shared. The start of the mechanical assembly follows as far as possible back to the last piece of the 1800s when a Polish designer Karol Adamiecki made a chart called harmonograph. The critical clarification for fostering this blueprint was to additionally foster the way in which creation plans were displayed during that spot of time. The principle issue was that all revelations and other fundamental information were dispersed in Polish and Russian in a manner of speaking.

Meanwhile, Henry Laurence Gantt, a management master and a creator, was moreover working on the similar thought around 1910. He arranged a chart to help creating chairmen to conveniently imagine their work with booking. With time, it went through specific movements and progressed into Gantt charts. Appropriately Henry Gantt is considered the architect of Gantt Chart (from this time forward the name).

What is Gantt Chart?

A Gantt chart, regularly used in project the chiefs, is maybe the most renowned and important ways to deal with showing activity (tasks or events) displayed against time. On the left of the chart is a summary of the activities and along the top is a fitting time scale. Each development is tended to by a bar; the position and length of the bar reflects the starting date, term and end date of the activity.

A Gantt chart is a project management gadget supporting the readiness and booking of projects, everything being equal, regardless of the way that they are particularly significant for enhancing complex projects. Project management schedules and tasks are changed over into a level bar chart, showing start and end dates, as well as conditions, arranging and deadlines, including how much the endeavor is done per stage and who is the task owner. This is important to keep endeavors on track when there is a tremendous gathering and various accomplices when the degree changes.

Benefits of a Gantt Chart

The chart perceives endeavors that may be executed in equivalent and those that can’t be started or finished until others are done. It can help with perceiving likely bottlenecks and recognize tasks that could have been dismissed from the project plan. The chart depicts things like: task slack time or additional time for finish of an endeavor that shouldn’t delay the project; noncritical activities that may be conceded; and fundamental activities that should be executed on time.

Gantt charts can be used in administering projects of all sizes and types. These may consolidate structure system like dams, expansions, and interstates. They may moreover fuse programming progression and various advancements. Project management instruments, as Microsoft Visio, Project, SharePoint, and Excel, or focused programming, as Gantto or Matchware, can help in arranging Gantt charts.

What is a Gantt chart used for?

Project overseers use Gantt charts for three standard reasons:

Determine logistics and task dependencies

Gantt charts can be used to look out for the organized tasks of a project. Task conditions ensure that another endeavor can start once another task is done. If an endeavor is delayed (it happens to conceivably anybody), subordinate issues are normally rescheduled. This can be especially important while organizing in a multi-bunch environment.

Build and manage a comprehensive project

Gantt charts imagine the design squares of a project and figure out it into more unassuming, more sensible endeavors. The ensuing little endeavors are set up for the Gantt chart’s schedule, close by conditions between tasks, divinely selected individuals, and accomplishments.

Monitor progress of a project

As gatherings log time towards issues in your plan, you can screen the prosperity of your projects and make changes as required. Your Gantt chart can join conveyance dates, accomplishments, or other critical estimations to follow your project’s headway.

Features of Gantt charts

  • DUE DATESThe dates are one of the most essential aspects of a Gantt chart since they show project managers not only when the project will start and end, but also when each job will take place. These are shown at the top of the graph.
  • TASKS: Major projects always seem to have a lot of sub-tasks. A Gantt chart assists project managers in keeping track of all sub-tasks in a project so that nothing is overlooked or delayed. The tasks are displayed on the left side of the page.
  • MILESTONES: Milestones are tasks that are critical to the completion and success of a project. Unlike the minor things that must also be completed, completing a milestone provides a sense of accomplishment and progress. At the conclusion of each block on a Gantt chart, milestones are represented by different shapes or icons.
  • BARS: Bars are used to represent the time frame in which each task should be performed after the subtasks have been stated. This ensures that each sub-task is finished on time, ensuring that the overall project is completed on time.
  • TASKBARS: While many sub-tasks can be accomplished pretty quickly, there will be occasions when you want to know how your project is progressing at a glance. The taskbars are shaded to represent the portion of each task that has previously been performed, indicating progress.
  • DEPENDENCIES: In a project, there are some tasks and subtasks that are dependent on one another for success. For instance, a task must be completed before another task can begin or terminate. On a Gantt chart, task dependencies represent this type of relationship. Small arrows between the taskbars are generally used to show these relationships.
  • TASK ID: You probably have numerous tasks going on at the same time in today ’s hyper work world. The task ID is included on the Gantt chart to help everyone involved readily identify the task you’re discussing.

Make your own Gantt chart in Excel

Microsoft Excel has a Bar chart feature that can be formatted to make an Excel Gantt chart.

  • Step 1. List your project schedule in an Excel table. List each task as a separate row and structure your project plan by including the start dateend date and duration.
  • Step 2. Set it up as a standard bar chart based on start dates.
  • Step 3. Add the duration of your tasks.
  • Step 4. Add task descriptions to the Gantt chart.
  • Step 5. Transform the bar graph into the Excel Gantt chart through formatting.
  • Visit: How to Create a Simple Gantt Chart in Excel: Free Template


Current Gantt chart programming like Jira Software with Roadmaps and Advanced Roadmaps are used by project overseers and industry trailblazers to help relationship with meeting their targets. Whether orchestrating a convoluted project or checking your association’s headway, Gantt chart contraptions like these are flexible and comparatively suitable to the portfolio, immense game plan, program, and gathering levels, as per SAFe® rules.

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